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北京地区成人本科学士英语考试历年真题及练习题库

[] [] [] 发布人:才聪学习网   发布日期:2020-09-15 23:36   共 7 人浏览过

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目录

[预售]2020年11月北京地区成人本科学士学位英语高分应试教程
2020年成人高等教育学士学位英语考试核心词汇全突破(部分视频讲解)
[预售]2020年11月北京地区成人本科学士学位英语考试题库【历年真题(部分视频讲解)+章节题库】
2020年11月北京地区成人本科学士学位英语考试考前冲刺卷及详解
成人高等教育学士学位英语考试大纲(高等教育出版社)



试看部分内容


A

基础词汇

a/an [E]/ [An;Enart. 一(个);每一(个);(同类事物中的)任何一个

about [5Ebautprep. 关于,对于;在……周围,在……附近

adv. 在周围,附近;大约,差不多

【词组】be about to do sth正要做某事

set about (doing sth)开始做……

What about (sth)……好吗?(用于提出建议)

above [E5bQvadv. 在上面,以上

adj. 上面的,上述的

prep. 在……之上,超过

【搭配】above all 首先,最重要的是

abroad [E5brC:dadv. 国外,海外;传开

【例句】An epidemic is abroad in America. 美国正大规模流行传染病。

【词组】go abroad 去国外

accident [5AksidEntn. 事故;意外的事,偶然的事


【例句】John has had an accident: He’s been knocked down by a car. 约翰出事了,他被一辆小汽车撞倒了。

【词组】by accident 偶然,无意中

accidental [7Aksi5dentladj. 意外的;偶然(发生)的

【例句】The accidental death of Tom made his family very sad. 汤姆的意外死亡使他的家人十分的伤心。

according (to) [E5kC:diNprep. 按照,根据

【例句】Everyone contributes according as he is able. 每个人根据自己的能力作出贡献。

【词组】according to按照,依照

achieve [E5tFi:vv. 完成,达到;获得

【例句】The university has achieved all its goals this year. 这个大学今年已经实现了所有的奋斗目标。

【词组】achieve one’s goals 实现目标

achievement [E5tFi:vmEntn. 完成,达到;成就,成绩

【例句】Such a goal was impossible of achievement. 这样的目标不可能实现。

【搭配】make achievements 取得成就

across [E5krCsadv. 从一边到另一边,宽;过来,过去;交叉地

prep. 穿过,跨过;在……的另一边,在……的对面;交叉;遍及……;在……的全境

【例句】The footbridge swayed when I ran across. 当我跑过天桥时,桥晃个不停。

【搭配】across the board 全面地;包括一切地;以三等分的钱数赌同一匹马赢得前三名

across from 在……对面

go across 穿过,横过;走过

back across 后背宽

get sth. across使人领会,使人理解

across the country遍及全国

act [Aktn. 行为,动作;(一)幕;法令,条例

vi. 行动,举动;起作用;表演

【例句】She acted her part well. 她扮演的那个角色很成功。

【词组】act against违反

act as担任,充当

action [5AkFEnn. 行动;作用

【例句】Documents can be actioned, or filed immediately. 这些文件可以立即得到处理或被存档。

【词组】take action采取行动

active [5Aktivadj. 活动的,活跃的;积极的,主动的

【例句】He is an active member of the club. 他是俱乐部的积极分子。

activity [Ak5tivitin. 活动,活跃;行动

【例句】Most disappearances are the result of the terrorist activity. 大多数的失踪案都是恐怖活动造成的。

actor [5AktEn. 男演员

【例句】He is a dubbing actor. 他是一个配音演员。



2020年北京地区成人本科学士学位英语考试考前冲刺卷(一)及详解

Part  Reading Comprehension (30%)

Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer sheet.

 

Passage 1

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage.

(76) You must have been troubled by when to say “I love you” because it is one of the greatest puzzles in our life.

What if you say it first and your partner doesn’t love you back? Or if they do say it but you don’t feel they mean it? Being the first to declare your love can be nerve-racking(紧张) and risky and can leave you feeling as vulnerable as a turtle with no shell. But is the person who says it first really in a position of weakness? Doesn’t it pay to hold back, play it cool and wait until the other half has shown their hand first?

“A really good relationship should be about being fair and being equal,” says psychologist Sidney Crown. “But love is seldom equal.” (77) All relationships go through power struggles but, he says, if a love imbalance continues for years, the rot will set in. “That feeling of ‘I’ve always loved you more’ may be subverted (颠覆,破坏) for a time, but it never goes away completely and it often emerges in squabbling(大声争吵).” In love, at least, the silent, withholding type is not always the most powerful. “The strongest one in a relationship is often the person who feels confident enough to talk about their feelings,” says educational psychologist Ingrid Collins. Psychosexual therapist Paula Hall agrees. “The one with the upper hand is often the person who takes the initiative. In fact, the person who says ‘I love you’ first may also be the one who says ‘I’m bored with you’ first.” Hall believes that much depends on how “I love you” is said and the motivation of the person saying it. “Is it said when they’re drunk? Is it said before their partner flies off on holiday, and what it really means is ‘Please don’t be unfaithful to me’? By saying ‘I love you’, they really saying ‘Do you love me?’ If so, wouldn’t it just be more honest to say that?” Collins agrees that intention is everything. “It’s not what is said, but how it’s said. What it comes down to is the sincerity of the speaker.”

1 What is the main idea of this passage?

A. The importance of “I love you”.

B. The meaning of “I love you”.

C. The time of saying “I love you”.

D. The place of saying “I love you”.

2 In the first sentence the author means that ______.

A. it is easy to say “I love you”

B. it is hard to say “I love you”

C. we have many troubles in our life

D. people usually do not know when to say “I love you”

3 According to the expert, a good relationship should be ______.

A. fair and equal

B. fair and kind

C. powerful and equal

D. confident and fair

4 In the third paragraph, the phrase “with the upper hand” means ______.

A. being low in spirit

B. having only one hand

C. being active

D. being passive

5 What is the most important for you to consider when somebody say “I love you” to you?

A. The intention.

B. The place.

C. The time.

D. The determination.

【答案与解析】

1C  主旨大意题。本文主要讲述说“我爱你”的时机,是采取主动还是处于被动,以及说话者的动机。故C项正确。

2D  事实细节题。“You must have been troubled by when to say ‘I love you’ because it is one of the greatest puzzles in our life.”也就是说人们为何时说“我爱你”而烦恼。其他三项均不符合文意。

3A  事实细节题。由关键词a good relationship定位“A really good relationship should be about being fair and being equal”。

4C  词义辨析题。由关键词with the upper hand定位第三段中间“The one with the upper hand is often the person who takes the initiative”即“……的人掌握主动权。”故推测with the upper hand意思是“占了上风”。

5A  事实细节题。从第三段末考林的话语中可以分析出说话人的动机决定一切。故A项正确。

 

Passage 2

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage.

There are two methods of fighting, the one by law, the other by force; the first method is that of men, the second of beasts; but as the first method is often insufficient, one must have recourse to the second. It is, therefore, necessary for a prince to know how to use both the beast and the man. This was covertly taught to the rulers by ancient writers, who relate how Achilles and many others of those ancient princes were given Chiron the centaur to be brought up and educated under his discipline. The parable of this semi-animal, semi-human teacher is meant to indicate that a prince must know how to use both natures, and that one without the other is not durable.

A prince, being thus obliged to know well how to act as a beast, must imitate the fox, and the lion, for the lion cannot protect himself from traps, and the fox cannot defend himself from wolves. Those that wish to be only lions do not understand this. Therefore, a prudent ruler ought not to keep faith when by doing so it would be against his interest, and the reasons which made him bind himself no longer exist. (78) If men were all good, this percept would not be a good one; but as they are bad, and would not observe their faith with you, so you are not bound to keep faith with them. Nor have legitimate grounds ever failed a prince who wishes to show colorable excuse for the unfulfillment of his promise. Of this one could furnish an infinite number of examples, and also how many times peace has been broken, and how man promises rendered worthless, by the faithlessness of princes, and those that have best been able to imitate the fox have succeeded best. But it is necessary to be able to disguise this character well, and to be a great feigner and dissembler, and men are so simple and so ready to obey present necessities, that the one who deceives will always find those who allow themselves be to deceived.

6 The writer does not believe that ______.

A. the truth makes men free

B. people can protect themselves

C. princes are human

D. leaders have to be consistent

7 “Prince” in the passage designates ______.






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